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Mission Admission MBA 2013 -14: What is the role of punctuation in sentences?

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 What is the role of punctuation in sentences?
MBA aspirants are tested for their language skills in all MBA entrance tests hence, it is important to enhance them.  Today, you will read what is the role of punctuation in sentences?
Punctuation marks bring out emotions and thoughts that are reflected in a sentence, and indicate the structure of the written language. Some of the common punctuation marks used in English writing are the comma, question mark, quotation marks, apostrophe, exclamation mark, period (or full stop), semi-colon, hyphen, brackets, and colon. When ending a sentence, one should use a period, question mark or an exclamation mark.
There are four types of sentences in the English language, for which different punctuation marks come into play.
The four types of sentences are declarative, imperative, interrogative and exclamatory. In a declarative sentence, where one is expressing his/her opinion or making a statement, a full stop is used to end the sentence. 
Also, when someone is expressing his/her opinion, quotation marks are used to convey his/her words. Interrogative sentences are essentially questions, for which question marks are used at the end of the sentences. 
Punctuation marks enlighten the reader on the type of sentence in an article and exude emotions that will help the reader understand the context of the article better.
Sometimes, sentences can be extremely long, and this is when punctuation marks such as the comma, semi-colon, brackets, and colon help the reader to decipher sentences.
 For example, a comma helps to separate adjectives that modify the same noun, and also words, groups and clauses in a series. 
This will help a reader to understand the gist of the sentence. Without punctuation marks, the meaning of a sentence can get distorted. 
An apostrophe, on the other hand, shows possession or relationship. If you want to introduce a list in a sentence, you should use a colon. If two independent sentences that are closely related need to be joined, a semi-colon can be used.
Punctuation marks are important in sentences, and by using them correctly, you will be able to convey the right message to your audience. 
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