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Published : Saurav Seth | June 21, 2016 | 11:31 AM IST
Popular courses such as MBA attract a large number of aspirants from across the country as well as abroad. With limited number of seats, especially in the premier institutes of the country, entrance exams become an unavoidable necessity, to filter out candidates. This also makes them highly competitive.
1. Number of applications
Given the large population of the country and the lack of proper educational infrastructure, the number of people applying in colleges and universities exceed the number of seats available by a massive margin. Particularly, job- oriented courses such as MBA remain a preferred option for a large number of students. Hence, admission tests to such courses receive massive interest, for instance, in 2015, the number of students who enrolled for CAT crossed 2 lakh. As the seats are limited, not everyone who applies can get admission. This has a direct bearing on the nature of the admission tests.
2. Aim of the admission test
The aim of admission or entrance exams is to filter out candidates on the basis of percentiles and other measures, so that only the high scoring candidates can move forward. The Darwinian adage “survival of the fittest” results in the filtering out of the ‘weaker’ links. This also results in highly competitive entrance exams to test the abilities of the candidates and differentiate the strong candidates who move ahead from the weaker ones who lag behind.
3. Different intelligence levels
As the number of people applying for the courses is huge and the fact that they come from different parts of the country with age variation also a factor, it is obvious that the intelligence levels and aptitude of the candidates will vary. This means that a person who, for instance, lacks logical reasoning skills will compete with the person who is an expert in logical reasoning or a person who excels in Mathematics will compete with a person who is weak in Mathematics. The difference in intelligence levels also makes the entrance exams competitive as there is no uniformity in the level of the candidates.
In the present world, where ruthless competition has become the norm, entrance exams encourage this competitiveness. CAT, for instance, is widely considered as one of the most competitive exams in the world, with a success rate of around one in two hundred. Even with the addition of new colleges, in 2013 the acceptance rate at IIM was 1.174%, one of the lowest in the world. This makes the competition to grab a seat in the premier institutes fierce. The entrance exams mirror this reality.
5. Limited infrastructure
India lacks proper infrastructure to cater to its rapidly increasing population. There is been very slow progress in terms of infrastructure upgradation. The problem is acute in the education sector. Over the years, very few colleges and universities have been added to fulfil the aspirations of the people. Hence, the number of seats have not increased appropriately. This has given rise to a fierce battle among the students, who are compelled to go beyond their means, just to secure a seat in their preferred course and institute.
Thus, MBA Entrance exams will remain competitive in the time to come.
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