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"Logical Reasoning - Making Judgments"

Get the strategy to making judgements in Logical Reasoning sections for upcoming exam CAT 2014 in our CAT 2014 Preparation material.
Logical Reasoning - Making Judgments

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Home » CAT » Logical Reasoning » Logical Reasoning - Making Judgments
Published : Thursday, 07 August, 2014 12:12 PM 
 
Directions to Solve
 
Each question presents a situation and asks you to make a judgment regarding that particular circumstance. Choose an answer based on given information.
 
Question 1
 
Eileen is planning a special birthday dinner for her husband's 35th birthday. She wants the evening to be memorable, but her husband is a simple man who would rather be in jeans at a baseball game than in a suit at a fancy restaurant. Which restaurant below should Eileen choose?
 
A. Alfredo's offers fine Italian cuisine and an elegant Tuscan decor. Patrons will feel as though they've spent the evening in a luxurious Italian villa.
 
B. Pancho's Mexican Buffet is an all-you-can-eat family style smorgasbord with the best tacos in town.
 
C. The Parisian Bistro is a four-star French restaurant where guests are treated like royalty. Chef Dilbert Olay is famous for his beef bourguignon.
 
D .Marty's serves delicious, hearty meals in a charming setting reminiscent of a baseball clubhouse in honor of the owner, Marty Lester, a former major league baseball all-star.
 
Answer: Option D
 
Solution:
 
Since Eileen's husband does not enjoy fancy restaurants, choices a and c can be ruled out. Choice b, although casual, doesn't sound as though it would be the kind of special and memorable evening that Eileen is looking for. Choice d, which is owned by a former baseball star and is described as "charming" and "reminiscent of a baseball clubhouse", sounds perfect for Eileen's husband, who is described as a baseball fan and a man with simple tastes.
 
Question 2
 
The film director wants an actress for the lead role of Lucy who perfectly fits the description that appears in the original screenplay. He is not willing to consider actresses who do not resemble the character as she is described in the screenplay, no matter how talented they are. The screenplay describes Lucy as an average-sized, forty something redhead, with deep brown eyes, very fair skin, and a brilliant smile. The casting agent has four actresses in mind.
 
Actress #1 is a stunning red-haired beauty who is 5'9" and in her mid-twenties. Her eyes are brown and she has an olive complexion.
 
Actress #2 has red hair, big brown eyes, and a fair complexion. She is in her mid-forties and is 5'5".
 
Actress #3 is 5'4" and of medium build. She has red hair, brown eyes, and is in her early forties.
 
Actress #4 is a blue-eyed redhead in her early thirties. She's of very slight build and stands at 5'.
 
A.1, 2
B.2, 3
C.1, 4
D.2, 4
 
Answer: Option B
 
Solution:
 
Actresses #2 and #3 possess most of the required traits. They both have red hair and brown eyes, are average-sized, and are in their forties. Actress #1 is very tall and is only in her mid-twenties. She also has an olive complexion. Actress #4 is of very slight build and is in her early thirties. She also has blue eyes.
 
Question 3
 
The neighborhood block association has received many complaints about people knocking on doors and soliciting money for an unknown charity organization even though door-to-door solicitation is prohibited by local laws. Three residents have provided descriptions of individuals who have come to their door asking for money.
 
Solicitor #1 is a white male, 20-25 years old, 5'9", 145 pounds, with very short brown hair. He was wearing a dark blue suit and carrying a brown leather briefcase.
 
Solicitor #2 is a white male, 25-30 years old, 6'2", 200 pounds, with a shaved-head. He was wearing a red T-shirt and jeans.
 
Solicitor #3 is a white male, approximately 23 years old, 5'10", slight build, with short brown hair. He was wearing a blue suit.
 
Three days after the block association meet- ing, a resident noticed a man knocking on doors in the neighborhood and phoned the police to report the illegal activity. This solic- itor was described as follows:
 
Solicitor #4 is a white male, 22 years old, 140 pounds, about 5'10", with short brown hair. He was carrying a briefcase and wearing a dark suit.
 
Based on this description, which of the three solicitations was also likely carried out by Solicitor #4?
 
A.#1, #2, and #3
B.#1, but not #2 and #3
C.#1 and #3, but not #2
D.#1 and #2, but not #3
 
Answer: Option C
 
Solution:
 
The solicitor described as #2 has a shaved head and is much taller and heavier than the solicitors described as #1 and #3. Therefore, choices a and d, which include #2, can be ruled out. Solicitors #1, #3, and #4 have such similar descriptions that the correct answer is clearly choice c.
 
 
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