## CAT Exam Syllabus & Pattern

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## CAT Exam Syllabus & Pattern

When an aspirant starts preparing for CAT Exam(Common Admission Test), an aspirant wants to go through the syllabus. Just to let you know there is no predefined syllabus for CAT.

## What is CAT Syllabus 2016 ?

CAT 2016, will have 3 Sections as below:

• Quantitative Ability (QA)
• Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning (DILR)
• Verbal and Reading Comprehension (VRC)

 CAT Syllabus Quantitative Ability Geometry,Trigonometry,Probability,Number System,Permutation & Combination,Speed, Time and Distance,Profit and Loss,Logarithmic Equations,HCF and LCM,Ratio, Quadratic and Linear Equations, Algebra, Mensuration, Percentages, progressions, Complex Numbers, Simple and Compound Interest etc. Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning(DILR) Tables, Graphical Representations, Charts and any diagramatical Representation, Logical Games, Calnedars, Cubes, Clocks, Blood Relations, Seating Arrangements etc. Verbal & Reading Comprehension(VRC) Critical Reasoning, Paragraph Forming, Grammar, Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension

QUANTITATIVE ABILITY

Quantitative Ability (QA) section of IIM CAT Exam gives the impression to be the favorite of the exam setters. It seems as if over 50 per cent of paper setting efforts is devoted to Quant sections. Perhaps, that is the reason why solving techniques and the ultimate solutions to this logical, tricky and seemingly lengthy form of aptitude problems have been consistently changing. Hence, it's a must for us to identify and strengthen the strategies in the quantitative that can help us maximize our score in this section as much as possible.

DATA INTERPRETATION & LOGICAL REASONING

Questions on following topics can be expected in CAT Syllabus for Data Interpretation Logical Reasoning (DILR) as per trends:

Data can be represented in form of Tables, any type of Graphical representation, Charts eg, Pie chart and any diagrammatical representation.

This is the calculation intensive portion of the section. It consists of a myriad of graphs, charts and tables from which you will have to glean and analyze data. The key to cracking this area is to quickly identify the key pieces of data that you will require to work on the questions asked.

LR section is quite different in nature compared to other sections. Accuracy is far more important in LR. There is no bigger mistake than getting the complete set wrong. Avoid making guesses or reading in a hurry as it would lead to decreased accuracy.

Use the option substitution method judiciously. LR questions are typically not meant to be solved using substitution of options. The most effective way is to understand the logic behind the question and solve it. There are exceptions to this rule though and you should use them wisely.

Questions on following topics can be expected in CAT Syllabus for Verbal Reading Comprehension:

Let's understand what sort of questions you can expect in VRC section of CAT exam syllabus, and then look at how CAT preparation can be taken up. In VRC section, there are broadly five types of questions:

1. Critical Reasoning
2. Paragraph Forming (Para Jumbled Questions)
3. Grammar
4. Vocabulary

Different types of CR questions?

CR questions can come in many varied forms. The most common types of questions are described as follows -

1. Questions that ask you to arrive at a conclusion/inference
2. Questions that ask you to identify an assumption
3. Questions that ask you to strengthen/ weaken an argument
4. Questions that ask you to detect a flaw in the argument
6. Questions that ask you to identify a parallel situation

Types of PJ questions

Para-jumbles broadly fall in three categories. In each category, the jumbled sentences are coded with an alphabet (usually A, B, C and D).

1. 4/5 sentences are given in a random order and you have to unjumble all of them. Toughest of the lot.
2. The opening sentence + 4/5 sentences are given and you have to rearrange the group of 4/5 sentences, having been given prior knowledge of the thought that starts off the flow of the discussion.
3. 4/5 sentences + the closing sentence is given and you need to correctly sequence 4/5 sentences so that they flow into the last sentence.
4. Opening sentence + 4/5 Sentences + Closing Sentence are given. Easiest of the lot. You know where the story starts and where it ends. You only have to figure out the screenplay in between.

Generic Rules for GRAMMAR

Which one is the singular form? Which word would you use with he? We say, “He runs.” Therefore, runs is singular. We say, “They run.” Therefore, run is plural.

1. Agreement in Number: SVA implies that if the subject is plural (cats), then the verb needs to be plural (meow). If the subject is singular (cat) then the verb needs to be singular (meows).

Do remember that verbs do not form their plurals by adding an ‘S’ as nouns do. In order to determine which verb is singular and which one is plural, think of which verb you would use with he or she and which verb you would use with they.

runs, run

1. Agreement in Person: Sentences are written in either first, second, or third person, based on the author’s viewpoint. If a sentence is written in first person, the writer is writing about herself/himself, using pronouns such as I and we. In a second-person sentence, the writer speaks directly to the reader, using the pronoun you. Third-person sentences generally refer to their subjects by name or with pronouns like he, she, it,or they.

Often, there will be a change in the form of the verb, depending on whether its subject is in first, second, or third person. For example, the singular first-person, second-person, and third-person forms of the verb are completely different from each other as seen below,

• I am hungry. ( am – a first-person subject)
• You are hungry. ( are – a second-person subject)
• He is hungry. ( is – third-person subject)
• Useful tips for CAT Preparation for improving your VOCABULARY for VA section of CAT Syllabus are as follows:

Make your base strong - You must commence with reading magazines and other reading materials as this will help you to come across more and more words that you can learn. To have a strong command over the language you must make your base strong. Read anything that comes your way as this will steadily aid you to gain knowledge about more words as well as the grammar.

Read a lot - You must read a lot in order to gain expertise. Remember, merely knowing new words will not help to score high marks. You must be well versed and know the right words. This can be facilitated by reading a lot of books, journals and other stuff. Also, you can browse the net to do value additions as the vocabulary section of www.mbarendezvous.com will help you improve your vocabulary tremendously.

Practice what you read - It is not possible to memorize all the new words that you have learnt as it will be very difficult and time consuming. The best way is to practice these words in your everyday conversation. This could a smart way to learn the words as well as know their meaning.

Look at synonyms and Antonyms - Learning new words is of no use if you are do not remember their meaning. In order to simplify the process of learning the meaning of new words, look at the synonyms and try to relate the difficult word with the simple ones.

For instance, the word jeopardy means the same as danger, threat or hazard. Try to find more simple words and relate them as this will help you to know the meaning and remember them easily.
Similarly, antonyms or the opposite words will make you understand not only the word but also it’s usage and limitations.

Play crosswords and scrabble – Try to spend some time by indulging in activities like solving crosswords and playing scrabble as this will help you to learn more words and you can also learn from the other person who is playing with you.

Take vocabulary test - By taking up the vocabulary test you can know where you stand and what the room for improvement is. The more tests you take the more you learn.
Refer a dictionary - Always refer a dictionary and look for meaning of the words you don't know. Having a dictionary with will help you to know more words quickly as you have a help at hand ready with you.

Workflow to tackle and improve your READING COMPREHENSION for CAT Exam Preparation:
Step 1

• When you start attempting an RC passage, you need to quickly skim through it to understand
• What the author is talking about.
• What are the key words in the passage?
• Is the piece about theology, geology, economics or something else?
• Are you comfortable with it?

You have to make a decision here, whether you want to proceed with solving it or not? If you decide to continue, then jump directly to

Step 2 — else skip to the next RC passage. In the actual test, you have the right to choose your RC passages. You don’t have to even solve them in the same sequence they are in the paper.

Step 2

Take a very hard look at the first paragraph of the passage. Here, your task will be to mentally paraphrase or summarize it in your own words. If you find yourself able to do it, go ahead with that RC passage. Else skipping it is advised.

Step 3

Once you decide to solve an RC paragraph, take a look at the accompanying Questions (without looking at the answer options. That will confuse you). Identify the data points asked for in the Questions. This will put you on the lookout for those data points when you read the passage.

Step 4

Read the piece. Never graduate to the next paragraph until and unless you can summarize the current paragraph in your head. There are candidates who read entire passages and not have a clue about what the author is talking about.

Step 5

Now you come to the crux of the matter. Either while reading the passage itself or after completing the reading, you should be able to answer the questions.

## CAT Exam Pattern

Exam will be of 180 Minutes and will have 3 sections (Quantitative Ability, Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning and Verbal and Reading Comprehension).

### Detailed CAT Exam Pattern

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