CAT: What's critical reasoning?

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Updated : Sunday, 05 June, 2016 02:46 PM 
 
CAT 2016 is being conducted in coming November and focused aspirants like you are preparing for exam. But you need to maintain enthusiasm to achieve mission CAT. 
 

For maintaining preparation tempo, today you will read article on

What's critical reasoning?
 
Critical reasoning in the Verbal Ability section of Common Admission Test (CAT) refers to higher order thinking, which forces an individual to question assumptions. In this section, the candidate has to decide if a claim is completely true or false or partially true or false. 
 
The critical reasoning section is a test of your understanding of statements and paragraphs. Essentially, you are tested on your ability to examine sentences and statements and search for hidden assumptions.
 
For questions pertaining to critical reasoning, you are required to identify arguments discussed in a passage. After reading a passage, you should be able to find supporting statements to your argument, find statements that counter the argument, draw relevant conclusions, identify assumptions that are not stated but implied, and identify the inference.
 
An argument is formed when you combine conclusion and evidence. Evidence is essentially proof that supports the conclusion. Many students have the misconception that conclusions are always found in the last sentence of a passage. 
 
Conclusions can be found anywhere in the passage. Sometimes, a passage may start with a conclusion or the conclusion may be hidden in the passage. So, it is important to understand the passage thoroughly before you can answer questions related to it. Also, it is important to read between the lines.
 
Sometimes, the answers may be extremely close, in which case you are required to carry out the process of elimination. By striking out the answers that are completely false, you will be able to narrow down your choice. Also, avoid answers that are emotionally charged.
 
Usually, the answers for CAT’s critical reasoning questions are moderate in reasoning and are emotionally neutral in tone. Some students find it helpful to read the questions before reading the passage. This way, you will have a clear picture as to what you are looking for when reading the passage. 
 
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