April 04, 2017 @ 01:15 PM

Blue Revolution

Post MBA exams aspirants will be tested on communication skills and B schools are likely to test you for Essay writing.  It is suggested to practice for Essay with variety of topics. Today you will read Essay on   “Blue Revolution”  

Water is a precious and finite resource and population is on the increase. Rain-fed and irrigated agriculture play a key role in ensuring food security for everybody and it will be an enormous challenge to provide enough water for global food production, especially in those regions and countries where water is already scarce.
 
Water touches all aspects of people’s lives and plays a central role in every country’s development.  Its availability impacts food production and nutrition, city development and growth, income generation and livelihood, and human health and hygiene. Its management reflects the strengths and weaknesses of local, national and international governance systems and the relationships between countries that share water resources.
 
It is also an important mean for those people who earn their livelihood through small water bodies like small farmers and fisherman. To ensure the safe and protected livelihood of all the people dependent on water bodies, we need a revolution in this direction and there has been one which we called the ‘Blue Revolution’. 
 
Blue Revolution is the water equivalent of the green revolution and primarily refers to the management of water resources that can steer humanity to achieve drinking water and crop irrigation security. The aim of the ongoing Blue Revolution is to rapidly increase fish production in small ponds and water bodies, a boon to small farmers, the nation's nutrition and its gross domestic product.
 
The Indian fisheries sector, which 50 years ago produced only 60,0000 tonnes of fish, today produces 5 million tonnes, including 1.6 million tonnes from freshwater aquaculture. Although the yield from marine fisheries has stagnated, freshwater aquaculture is growing at a healthy 6 percent a year.
 
The Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA), India's largest center of its kind has been the source of much of the science that has driven the growth of Indian inland aquaculture. The institute began the challenging task of turning what was a minor village tradition into a science that not only could increase the tonnage of fish per volume of water but also cope with inevitable problems that come with more intensive production, such as how to feed fish economically and how to deal with sudden outbreaks of disease brought on by crowded conditions.
 
India farms 1.6 million tonnes of freshwater fish per year compared to the estimated domestic demand of 4.5 million tonnes. Of the 2.2 million hectares of freshwater bodies, only 8,00,000 hectares are currently utilized. Even India's vast distances, hot climate and vegetarian tradition do not place insurmountable obstacles in the way of expansion.
 
Blue Revolution is not only about fishery though. According to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)’s Asia and Near East(ANE) region, water management is very essential for future water security. Their aim is to achieve increased access to, and effective use of, safe water and sanitation. They are a revolutionary platform who has launched a “Blue Revolution Initiative” to promote water security, prosperity and health in Asia and the Middle East.
 
They believe that to avert conflict and meet the basic human needs for water will require bold, concerted action by governments, water users, donors, and the private sector working in partnership to transform water management. Given the magnitude of the challenge, achieving success requires a veritable “blue revolution.” This Blue Revolution Initiative (BRI) provides a framework to guide USAID’s future water-related investments in the ANE region, and facilitate coordination and partnership with other donors, non-government organizations and the private sector as USAID teams with countries to overcome these significant challenges.
 
Blue Revolution Initiative Objectives:
 
The objectives of the Blue Revolution Initiative are to
 
•Mitigate tensions associated with the use and management of shared water; 
Identifying and mitigating water conflicts at the local, national and regional/trans-boundary levels.  Conflicts are expected to emerge from water shortages and declining water quality in many countries across the region.  Their mitigation demands that countries approach the management of surface and ground waters from a more integrated perspective.  USAID will provide support to regional institutions that support trans-boundary water management and build their capacity to engage in regional cooperation, conflict mitigation, and improved management of waters at the river basin level.  
 
•Improve environmental management and economic productivity of water resources;
Because fresh water is a finite resource, its protection from pollution and inefficient use are complementary solutions to its conservation and to poverty reduction.  USAID, in coordination with BRI partners, will support watershed-based approaches by national and local government to protect fresh water supplies, and improve the productivity of water used in agriculture(more crop per drop).  This broad objective encompasses many of USAID’s ongoing programs in the Near East and Asia.  
 
•Improve access to, and effective use of, safe water and basic sanitation.
Under this objective, USAID will work with national governments, other donors, the private sector and NGOs to expand access to safe water and basic sanitation across the ANE region. USAID will focus its efforts on: improving access to financing for expanding water and sanitation infrastructure, improving the effectiveness of utility operations, working through public-private partnerships to improve household hygiene and sanitation, and expanding sanitation services in the underserved pier-urban and urban areas in selected countries.  
 
Thus, Blue Revolution in any case, will improve the health condition, living standard and economic situation of each and every individual related or not related to it directly. It will also help in bringing many developing and under developed countries of the world on same platform. We hope that ‘Blue Revolution’, like Green and White Revolution, will be a super success in India as well as in other parts of the world. 
 
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