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India should adopt time zone to save energy

Published : Thursday, 28 May, 2015 11:10 AM

MBA aspirants may be asked to write Essay before personal appearance during MBA Admission selection process therefore it is must to start practice for Essay writing. In XAT, you are supposed to write Essay in exam.

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India should adopt Time Zones to save energy

Technically, Time Zones are a geographical world globe division of 15º each, starting at Greenwich, in England, created to help people know what time is it now in another part of the world. Since different parts of the Earth enter and exit daylight at different times, there is a need for different time zones. Having single time zone would mean that noon would be the middle of the day in some places, but it would be morning, evening and the middle of the night in others.

Having different time zones means that the noon is the middle of the day when the sun is at its peak irrespective of location on earth. It is widely argued that adopting time zones helps save energy.

George Vernon Hudson proposed the idea of daylight saving in 1895. It is the practice of advancing clocks during summer months by one hour so that in the evening hours day light is experienced later, while sacrificing normal sunrise times. India, Japan and China are some of the major countries which do not observe some form of daylight saving.

Some of the main benefits of daylight saving are that it saves energy, promotes a healthy routine, reduces crime and is good for business. Advancing the clocks boosts productivity as well.

Indian Time Zones were established in 1884. The Bombay Time, the Madras time and the Calcutta time were the three Time Zones adopted by India. However, like China, India does not observe any form of daylight saving and chooses to have a single time zone across the whole country now.

Being a vast country, it will be wise for India to adopt time zones. For instance, the difference between eastern border and western border of India is almost two hours. Indian Standard Time (IST), followed across the country, is five- and- a- half hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) but, there is a difference of two hours between the sunrise in India's north- eastern region and in the western part of the country. Thus, a lot of wastage in terms of energy and productivity could be avoided if India were to adopt time zones.

In fact, Assam, has decided to set its clocks an hour ahead of IST, thus, giving India its second time zone. This is because the working hours in government offices start at 10 am, whereas the day in the tea gardens begins early at 8 am. Assam wants to advance the working hours by at least one hour to increase productivity and reduce energy consumption. It is estimated that the northeast region could lag 54 years behind in productivity over the next 100 years if a different time zone other than IST is not adopted by them.

Those, who argue for a single time zone, point at the utter chaos that time zones will create, in railway and air journeys and businesses. But countries in Europe and most of the US have successfully adopted Daylight Saving Times to take advantage of the light.

India definitely should adopt time zones to save energy. People will also be able to work better and plan better. The advantages of dividing the country based on time zones outweigh the disadvantages.

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