After having cleared cutoff percentile at MBA Institute, you will be invited for Group Discussion and now it is must for you to practice with variety of GD topics.
Read and develop points for discussion and make sure that you are concluding with conviction
For the motion
⇒ Third world countries have huge poverty levels and economic growth through industrialization is the only panacea.
⇒ Developed world has polluted the world more than anybody else. If today, they demand less emissions from the developing world, than how will millions be lifted out of poverty.
• Too much emphasis on environment and ignorance of the larger picture by pseudo – activists can lead to lost years of economic growth urgently needed.
• Focus should be on increasing the fundamental demand of goods and services, so that higher level of consumption can lead to more industrialization.
• Intensified industrialization will lead to semi-skilled and unskilled jobs.
• New jobs will ensure a shift from agri-based jobs where a large number of people are working and producing very less, thereby increasing the productivity levels of farm sector also.
• Temporal analysis:
⇒ The nature of basic necessities has changed immensely in the 21st century. Today, things like electricity have become a necessity whose supply can only be increased by more investment in power plants and mining of materials needed to produce electricity.
• Physical infrastructure development allows government to reach those internal areas where extreme poverty is rampant.
• To summarize, very long term changes are being grossly exaggerated by environmentalists. And even these changes are mostly not backed by sound scientific and empirical evidence. More research is needed to back their claims.
Against the motion: Ecological protection is more important than economic growth
• The very assumption that environment is a given, is flawed. Ecology can’t be taken for granted.
• Every living thing is interconnected on the planet. Humans and other species are connected or dependent on a number of other species. So destruction of flora & fauna can have long lasting adverse impact on ecological balance.
• Rapid rise in carbon emissions due to mindless industrialization will result in earth warming up, leading to higher pace of melting of glaciers as well as evaporation. This can give rise to higher sea levels. And if sea levels rise, coastal areas will be wiped out.
• Every ecosystem has the limit to accept, for example, oceans have a limit to absorb waste. Polluting industries are exceeding the absorptive capacity of the planet earth, thereby disturbing the inter-generational parity.
• Even today, the pressure of population is such that in terms of ecological footprint, a measure of human demand on the Earth's ecosystems, we are using almost 1.5 of the planet earth. It means humanity uses ecological services 1.5 times as quickly as Earth can renew them.
• Lester Brown, a leading environmentalist, has researched that if every Indian and Chinese were to copy an American way of life, perhaps we will need 3-4 planet earth.
• So the only way forward is sustainable development. Economic growth should be sustainable ecologically in a way that living conditions and resource-use meet human needs without undermining the sustainability of natural systems and the environment, so that future generations may also have their needs met.