General Awareness

April 04, 2017 @ 01:15 PM

Ukraine Imbroglio

MBA Aspirants are expected to know the happenings globally which might affect Indian foreign policy, thus impacting our relationship with other countries.
 
Read:  Ukraine Imbroglio
 
The 2014 Crimean crisis is a regional and international diplomatic crisis unfolding in the region of Crimea, Ukraine. It began in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, in which the government of President Viktor Yanukovych was ousted by a popular revolt in the Ukrainian capital of Kiev.
 
The deposed Yanukovych fled to Russia, and covertly called for Russian armed forces to intervene and secure 'law and order' in Ukraine, specifically Crimea.
 
Ukraine is a unitary state composed of 24 oblasts (provinces), one autonomous republic (Crimea).
 
Ukraine is the largest wholly European country and the second largest country in Europe (after the European part of Russia). Ukraine borders Russia to the east. Historically, Ukraine remained otherwise divided until its consolidation into a Soviet republic in the 20th century, becoming an independent nation-state only in 1991 after the breakup of Soviet Union.
 
The country is home to 44.6 million people, 77.8% of whom are ethnic Ukrainians, with sizable minorities of ethnic Russians (17%). Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Ukraine continues to maintain the second-largest military in Europe, after that of Russia, when reserves and paramilitary personnel are taken into account.
 
Historically, Ukraine has some disputes with Russia. Disputes with Russia over debts for natural gas briefly stopped all gas supplies to Ukraine in 2006 and again in 2009, leading to gas shortages in several other European countries.
 
The Euromaidan protests (literally means "Eurosquare") started in November 2013, when Ukrainian citizens demanded stronger integration with the European Union. The demonstrations were prompted by the refusal of the government to sign an association agreement with the EU, which Yanukovych described as being disadvantageous to Ukraine.
 
Some ethnic Russian groups staged protests, opposing the events in Kiev and wanting closer ties or integration with Russia, in addition to expanded autonomy or possible independence for Crimea.
 
Over time, Euromaidan has come to describe a wave of ongoing demonstrations and civil unrest in Ukraine, the scope of which has evolved to include calls for the resignation of President Yanukovych and his government.
 
Violence escalated after 16 January 2014 when the government accepted Bondarenko-Oliynyk laws, also known as Anti-Protest Laws. Anti-government demonstrators occupied buildings in the centre of Kiev, including the Justice Ministry building and riots left 98 dead and thousands injured on Feb 18–20.
 
Due to violent protests on 22 February 2014, Members of Parliament found the president unable to fulfill his duties and exercised 'constitutional powers' to set an election for 25 May to select his replacement.
 
On February 26, Russia started concentrating a military force of 150,000 along the Ukrainian border in a military exercise. On February 27, pro-Russian armed soldiers without insignia and wearing masks seized a number of important buildings in Crimea, including the parliament building and two airports. They disabled almost all telecommunication and Internet services between Crimea and the rest of Ukraine.
 
The Russian troops stationed in Crimea on bilateral agreement were reinforced and two vessels of the Russian Baltic Fleet breached Ukrainian waters, violating the agreement.
 
On March 1, Russia's parliament approved a request from President Vladimir Putin permitting the deployment of Russian troops in Ukraine, in response to the a plea for help from the newly installed Crimea's pro-Moscow leader, Sergey Aksyonov. Russian troops accordingly have mobilized throughout Crimea and the southeast of Ukraine
 
Actions of Russia have been condemned by much of the Western world and parts of Southeast Asia. As of March 2, Russian troops are said to have complete control over the Crimea.
 
Kiev is accusing Russia of intervening in Ukraine's internal affairs, which Russia has officially denied. The acting president of Ukraine, Oleksandr Turchynov, decreed the appointment of Aksyonov as Prime Minister of Crimea unconstitutional.
 
The North Atlantic Council and the European Union will hold an emergency summit on the matter. The United States condemned Russia, accusing it of breaking international law and violating Ukrainian sovereignty.
 
A peaceful and a consensual solution is needed to solve the crises. Since multiple parties are involved, it may take a long time to arrive at a peaceful consensus.
 
  
 
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