In CMAT 2019 “Language comprehension” section will have 25 questions comprising of 100 marks.
MBA aspirants who are appearing in CMAT First Test will be conducted January 2019 should practice for Language Comprehension as follows:
In the question below, four alternative summaries are given below the text. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the text. Although, almost all climate scientists agree that the Earth is gradually warming, they have longbeen of two minds about the process of rapid climate shifts within larger periods of change. Some have speculated that the process works like a giant oven of freezer, warming or cooling the whole planet at the same time. Others think that shifts occur on opposing schedules in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere, like exaggerated seasons. Recent research in Germany examining climate patterns in the Southern Hemisphere at the end of the last Ice Age strengthens the idea that warming and cooling occurs at alternate times in two hemispheres. A more definitive answer to this debate will allow scientists to better predict when and how quickly the next climate shift will happen.
(a) Research in Germany will help scientists find a definitive answer about warming and cooling of the Earth and predict climate shifts in the future in a better manner.
(b) Scientists have been unsure whether rapid shifts in the Earth’s climate happen all at once or on opposing schedules in different hemispheres; finding a definitive answer will help them better predict climate shifts in future.
(c) Scientists have been unsure whether rapid shifts in the Earth’s climate happen all at once or on opposing schedules in different hemispheres: research will help find a definitive answer and better predict climate shifts in future.
(d) More research rather than debates on warming or cooling of the Earth and exaggerated seasons in its hemispheres, will help scientists in Germany predict climate changes better in future.
Answer should be ( b ) . The research which has been done in Germany only strengthens the idea that warming and cooling occurs at alternative times, it does not provide a definitive answer towards it. Hence options (a) and (c) cannot be taken as good summaries. Option (d) is making an unnecessary comparison which was not hinted at in the paragraph.