Future Tense always indicates a time later than the present. In other words, it is used to denote an action that is expected to take place in the future.
What is Future Tense?
Future Tense depicts an action that happens in the future or is likely to happen in the future. It may also express the speaker’s attitude to a future event.
Future Tense may be used in various situations such as:
- Prediction There will be rain tomorrow.
- Arrangements I am visiting his house tomorrow.
- Plans I am going to do an internship in May.
- An action in progress This time next month, I will be in London.
- Fixed Routine He shall attend the lecture tomorrow, right?
There are types of tenses that fall under the Future Tense. They are:
1. Simple Future Tense
The Simple Future Tense denotes an action that will take place in the future. It expresses facts and certainty. This tense is used:
- To predict an event in the future. For example,
The uncle will come home tomorrow.
- To express willingness. For example,
His brother will carry the suitcase for you.
- To give orders. For example,
You will do what I tell you to do.
- To invite. For example,
Will you sing along?
2. Future Perfect Tense
The Future Perfect Tense depicts an action that will be finished by a particular time in the future. The tense is formed using ‘will’ + ‘have’ + past participle of the verb. It is used:
- To depict the duration of an action that starts before and continues up to another action or time in the future. For example,
At 5 pm, I’ll have been out in the market for 3 hours.
- To depict an action that will finish before a certain time in the future, but exactly when that happens is not known. For example,
By 11 am, I will have completed my assignment.
3. Future Continuous Tense
The Future Continuous Tense depicts an action that is likely to happen in the future and continue for an expected length of time. It is formed using ‘will+be+past participle’. The tense is used:
- To denote an action that will be in progress at some point in the future. For example,
She will be having dinner with us tomorrow.
- To denote an action verbs. For example,
I will be running the marathon next month.
- To be used for predicting about future events. For example,
He’ll be coming to school tomorrow.
4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
The Future Perfect Continuous Tense depicts an action that will continue up until a point in the future. It is formed using will+have+been+present participle. It is used:
- To depict the duration of an action that continues up to another point in the future. For example,
By the time you arrive, I will have exercised for an hour.
- To denote an action that finishes just before another time or action in the future. For example,
When I meet you, I’ll have been dancing, so I’ll be tired.
Q1. Fill in the blanks with appropriate tenses:
1. Rahul has sold his bike. He _____ a car. (to buy)
2. This time tomorrow, we _____ to Mumbai. (to drive)
3. We will _____ to London this summer. (go)
4. I am afraid they _____ everything by the time we arrive. (to eat)
5. Wait! I _____ you. (to help)