English Grammar Article Exercises with Examples, Types of Article

Articles Grammar Exercises with Examples

An article is a kind of determiner which is always used with and gives some information about a noun. They specify the definiteness of the noun. There are three articles used in English language- 'a', 'an', 'the'. Every noun must be accompanied by the article, if any, corresponding to its definiteness, and the lack of an article itself specifies a certain definiteness. Given the frequency with which they appear, these words are certainly indispensable to the language. Therefore, this module will discuss articles for the benefit of the MBA aspirants to help them improve their language skills and become aware of one of the components of English grammar

Articles are divided into two categories:

a. Indefinite Article
Indefinite articles are used:
-with countable nouns when we don't know exactly which one we are referring to. For instance, 'The teacher is talking about a ten year old boy'. 
-while referring to a particular member of a group. For instance, 'John is a Catholic'. 
-to say what someone is or what job they do. For instance, 'He is a teacher.'
-with a singular noun to refer to all things of that kind. For instance, 'A dog is man's best friend.'

There are two types of indefinite articles:
-'a' is used with words starting with consonant sounds, for example, a doctor, a boy etc.
-'an' is used with words starting with vowel sounds, for example, an engineer, an orange, an honest man etc.

b. Definite Article
There is only one definite article, 'the'. Definite article is used before a noun when we believe the listener knows exactly what we referring to
-because there is only one. For instance, 'The President of India is going to visit the US soon.'
-because we have already mentioned it. For instance, 'A terrorist entered the mall. The terrorist was accompanied by three other men.'
We also use definite article with:
-countries whose names include words like kingdom, states or republic-the United Kingdom, the Kingdom of Nepal.
-mountain ranges, group of islands, rivers, seas, oceans and canals- the Himalayas, the Atlantic, the Arabian Sea.
-newspapers-The Times of India
-organisations-the United Nations
-with superlatives-the brightest student

Test Yourself

Question: Complete the following sentences by filling in 'a' or 'an' or 'the' as may be suitable

1. He is not _____ honourable man.

2. _____ sun shines brightly.

3. Rustum is _____ young Parsee.

4. You are _____ fool to say that.

5. French is _____ easy language.

6. Who is _____ girl sitting there?

7. Man, thou art _____ wonderful animal.

8. Which is _____ longest river in India?

9. The world is _____ happy place.

10.Yesterday _____ European called at my office.

Answer Keys:

1. An

2. The 

3. a 

4. a 

5. an

6. the

7. a

8. the

9. a

10.a

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