Question

# How many pairs of integers (x, y) exist such that the product of x, y and HCF (x, y) = 1080

CAT 2021

Correct option is

**Explanatory Answer :**

We have to find ordered pairs (x, y) such that xy * HCF(x, y) = 1080.

Let x = ha and y = hb where h = HCF(x, y) => HCF(a, b) = 1.

So.

We need to write 1080 as a product of a perfect cube and another number.

Four cases which are possible :

1. h = 1, ab = 1080 and b are co-prime. We gave 4 pairs of 8 ordered pairs (1, 1080), (8, 135), (27, 40) and (5, 216). (Essentially we are finding co-prime a,b such that a*b = 1080).

2. h = 2, We need to find number of ways of writing (33) * (5) as a product of two co-prime numbers. This may be done in two ways -

number of pairs = 2, number of ordered pairs = 4

3. h = 3, number of pairs = 2, number of ordered pairs = 4

4. h = 6, number of pairs = 1, number of ordered pairs = 2

Hence total pairs of (x, y) = 9, total number of ordered pairs = 18. The pairs are (1, 1080), (8, 135), (27, 40), (5, 216), (2, 270), (10, 54), (3, 120), (24, 15) and (6, 30).

so , C is the correct option