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- Lavleen Kaur Kapoor
General Awareness is very important for MBA exams viz; CMAT, XAT, IIFT SNAP hence, MBA aspirants should read variety of topics to update GK.
Today, you will read General Awareness topic : India Shines But without Power
As the country rides upon its ambitious tagline of “Shining India ”, it faces its worst blackout and power failure a few days back, lampooning the chatter and promises of the Government. India awaits a new landmark, when it will be crippled of power and its shortage will ruin the national happenings.
Power still eludes many remote places largely due to over consumption in metros and dereliction on the part of the government. The frivolity of its importance misleads the government of the grave situation which is largely overlooked. Power still is a neglected ministry and its vitality is being totally underestimated. Statistical data states that as of June 2012, the total electricity production capacity of India is 205.34 GW, and the additional captive plants produce another 31.5 GW. But for a country with a population of 1.22 billion, this is clearly not enough.
Power being an important commodity for consumption as well as for the economic growth of any country is largely ill-used here. Our power sector largely depends upon coal for its production, and the consumption of coal is much higher than wind, solar, hydel or nuclear sources. In fact the electricity generated from coal is 56 percent of the total electric power generated in the country.
But the deterioration of the standard of the coal along with the inability to extract the power from this result in an acute shortage of the minimum power required for running a nation. The coal belts across the eastern and the western region of the country are being illegally mined and used for other purposes, robbing it of its valuable usage. The Grid operations are not performed according to its potential and its production languishes low in the chart.
India still suffers from drought due to shortage of rainfall. So the hydel power projects operate with a scarcity of rainwater and thus the power production decreases manifold. The shortage of supply against the whopping demand becomes unassailable to overcome and thus the nation strives for an uninterrupted supply of power.
In India, as in December 2011, over 300 million people lived without electricity. One-third of India’s rural citizens don’t have any access to the use of electric power. A similar situation is with 6 percent of the urban population. The major reason is though the country has enough grids to provide the entire nation with enough power, most of them do not function properly at the right time, and as a result the nation suffers.
The Northern India receives the electricity from the grids installed at Agra. But the grid tripped off a few months back, making the whole of North India disappear into complete darkness and arresting the normalcy of lives there. Then the eastern grid compensated the power thus reducing its own reserve. Next day itself it resulted in a blackout in eastern India.
With a vast nation like India where the population touches the 5lakh-crore mark every year, power transmission holds an important prospect of power production and subsequent usage. Proper transmission suffers from illegal hooking and natural phenomena. The rampant hooking and suction of power without any payment will deplete the power reserves as well as the economy of its revenues. Remote villages still are unable to receive their share of electricity because of the incomplete transmission.
Another grim problem eludes with the longevity if the present equipments and gadgets which are largely outdated are not replaced in due time. To meet such an enormous demand of power, efficient equipments or modernization of existing ones helps in production boom.
The government indulged in the blame game thus turning a blind eye towards the obvious failure of its power production. Only setting up of grids will not illuminate a nation but a proper maintenance of its operation will catapult the consistency of power production. The rapid shifting of the credibility among the ministers and the misuse of the allotted budget hits the power sector with its bull dozer effect. What is more sinister is the poor production quality, the restriction of production sources and the plight of the existing units which handicap the power feeding.
It has been reported that India as a country is the fourth largest energy consumer in the world, after USA, China and Russia. As of January 2012, a report places the per capital power consumption in India to be 778 kWh. The consumption can be reduced, no doubt. But when the country has the potential to provide the necessary power, then obvious steps are to be taken first instead of playing blame-games in the Cabinet.