The QA (Quantitative Ability) section in the CAT 2019 will have 34 questions with 60 minutes sectional time limit. Clock problems were popular until a few years, but CAT 2019 (on Saturday, 24th November 2019) may always surprise you.
Let us go through the important clock formula, concepts and related clock questions that could be asked in the CAT 2019 exam.
Clock Problems
The different types of clock questions that can be asked in the CAT 2019 exam are:

Angle related clock problems

Faulty Clock questions

Time gain or Time Loss clock questions
Clock Problem Concepts:

Minute Space: The circumference of the face or dial of the clock can be divided into 60 equal parts called minute space

A clock has two hands:

Smaller one is called the hour hand or short hand

Larger one is called minute hand or long hand.


Minute Gain: Every 60 minutes, the minute hand gains 55 minutes on the hour on the hour hand

Overlap: In every hour, both the hands coincide once.

Straight Line: The hands are in the same straight line when they are coincident or opposite to each other.

Clock Too Fast: If a watch or a clock indicates 8.15, when the correct time is 8, it is said to be 15 minutes too fast.

Clock Too Slow: if a clock indicates 45, when the correct time is 8, it is said to be 15 minutes too slow.
Clock Formula:

60minute space = 360° = 1 hour

1minute space = 6° = 1 minute

5minute space = 6° x 5 = 30° = 5 minutes

Right Angle or Perpendicular = 15minute spaces apart

Right Angle or Perpendicular = 22 times in 12 hours or 44 times in 24 hours (1 day)

Straight Angle or Straight Line or 180° = 30minute space apart

Straight Angle = 11 times in 12 hours or 22 times in 24 hours (1 day)

Angle traced by hour hand in 12 hrs = 360°

Angle traced by minute hand in 60 min. = 360°

Speed of hour hand = 0.5 dpm (degree per minute)

Speed of minute hand = 6 dpm

Angle of the hour hand from vertical at N o’clock = 30N
Illustrations:
Q) Find the angle between the minute hand and hour hand of a click when the time is 7.20?
Ans: 100deg.
Sol:
• Angle traced by the hour hand in 12 hours = 360 degrees.
• Angle traced by it in 7 hrs. 20 min i.e. 22/3 hrs. = [(360/12) * (22/3)] = 220 degrees
• Angle traced by minute hand in 60 min = 360 deg.
• Angle traced by it in 20 min = [(360/20) * 60] = 120 deg.
• Therefore, required angle = (220  120) = 100deg.
Q) The minute hand of a clock overtakes the hours hand at intervals of 65 min of the correct time. How much of the day does the clock gain or lose?
Ans: the clock gains 10 10/43 minutes
Sol:
• In a correct clock, the minute hand gains 55 min. spaces over the hour hand in 60 minutes. To be together again, the minute hand must gain 60 minutes over the hour hand.
• 55 minutes are gained in 60 min.
• 60 min. are gained in [(60/55) * 60] min = 65 5/11 min.
• But they are together after 65 min.
• Therefore, gain in 65 minutes = (65 5/11  65) = 5/11 min.
• Gain in 24 hours = [(5/11) * (60*24)/65] = 10 10/43 min.
• Therefore, the clock gains 10 10/43 minutes in 24 hours.
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Q) A clock is set right at 8 a.m. The clock gains 10 minutes in 24 hours. What will be the true time when the clock indicates 1 p.m. on the following day?
Ans. 48 min. past 12.
Sol:
• Time from 8 a.m. on a day to 1 p.m. on the following day = 29 hours.
• 24 hours 10 min. of this clock = 24 hours of the correct clock.
• 145/6 hrs of this clock = 24 hours of the correct clock.
• 29 hours of this clock = [24 * (6/145) * 29] hrs of the correct clock
• = 28 hrs 48 min of the correct clock.
• Therefore, the correct time is 28 hrs 48 min. after 8 a.m.
• This is 48 min. past 12.
Q) At what time between 2 and 3 O’ clock will the hands of a clock together?
Ans: 10 10/11 min. past 2.
Sol:
• At 2 O’ clock, the hour hand is at 2 and the minute hand is at 12, i.e. they are 10 min space apart. To be together, the minute hand must gain 10 minutes over the other hand. Now, 55 minutes are gained by it in 60 min.
• Therefore, 10 min will be gained in [(60/55) * 10] min = 10 10/11 min.
• Therefore, the hands will coincide at 10 10/11 min. past 2.
Quantitative Ability  Geometry
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