For any language to be spoken, written or read correctly, there are a set of rules that govern the language and are the foundation of any language. These set of rules collectively make up the ‘grammar’ of a language and form the basis of judging a person’s language abilities. Essential to functional grammar are the Punctuation Marks, as they form the spine of any language and make the understanding of the language simpler. Without Punctuation Marks, it will be difficult to comprehend the language, in written or spoken form. In this article, we explore two Punctuation Marks, namely comma and Full Stop.
The comma is one of the most used punctuation mark in the English Language. It is used to indicate a short pause during the course of a sentence, when the speaker wishes to take a slight break. The comma plays a crucial role in the construction of a sentence, especially a run-on long complex sentence. The symbol used to denote a comma is ‘ , ‘ and is used in the following scenarios:
i. The comma is used to separate words, clauses and phrases in a series. In some cases, a comma is used to separate additional information being provided about the subject.
a. Raj, Vipin, Rahul and Sameer have been best friends for the last 10 years.
b. Rita, who is my cousin, is a brilliant painter.
ii. The comma is used when you address a person.
a. No, Sir. This is not right.
iii. The comma is used to separate numbers, dates and address.
a. India gained independence on 15 August, 1947.
b. The Prime Minister of India lives at 7, Race Course, Delhi.
iv. The comma is used in a sentence wherein two persons or things are set in contrast to each other.
a. Shobha, not Silu, will go to London.
v. The comma is also used to mark quotations in a sentence.
a. He said, “I am a god boy.”
A sentence is complete only if there is a full stop placed after the last alphabet of the last word in the sentence, to mark the end of the sentence. A full stop, also called ‘period’, is denoted by ‘.’ . The full stop indicates a longer pause than that indicated by a comma and indicates a sense of completion. The full stop is used in the following scenarios:
i. The full stop marks the end of a sentence that is a complete statement. It indicates the conclusion of a thought, before the beginning of a fresh one.
a. His name is Sahil and he is content writer. He is married to Swati.
ii. The full stop marks a person’s initials.
a. Mr. A.K. Ramanujan is a famous Indian poet.
iii. The full stop comes after some abbreviations.
a. Mr. Karan is a fine gentleman.
Iv, The full stop marks the end of a command.
a. Bring five pens from the market.
v. The full stop is also used in the address of websites, without which it won’t work.
Advice for candidates
Comma and full stop form an important part of a sentence. The sentence remains incomplete without them. The candidates should know how to use them, if they want to use the language correctly.
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