Average Reading Comprehension Passages

Average Reading Comprehension Passages

Passage 1

The 543 elected MPs will be elected from single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting. The President of India nominates an additional two members from the Anglo-Indian community if he believes the community is under-represented.

Eligible voters must be Indian citizens, 18 or older, an ordinary resident of the polling area of the constituency and possess a valid voter identification card issued by the Election Commission of India. Some people convicted of electoral or other offences are barred from voting.

Earlier there were speculations that the Modi Government might advance the 2019 general election to counter the anti-incumbency factor, however learning from its past blunder of preponing election made by the Vajpayee Government it decided to go into election as per the normal schedule which was announced by Election Commission of India (ECI) on 10 March 2019, after which Model Code of Conduct was applied with immediate effect.

Easy RCs Passages
 

Read the passage and choose the most appropriate option

Q1. Which word or phrase means “disapproval of current political officeholders” in the passage

  1. First-past-the-post
  2. Blunder
  3. Anti-incumbency
  4. Model Code of Conduct

Q2. Since when was the Model Code of Conduct applied with immediate effect?

  1. 23rd May 2018
  2. 10th March 2019
  3. 10th March 2018
  4. 11th March 2019

Q3. When does the President of India nominate an additional two members from the Anglo-Indian community?

  1. When there are less than 543 elected MPs
  2. When the Anglo-Indian community fails to send a representative
  3. When the president believes that the Anglo-Indian community is over-represented
  4. When the president believes that the Anglo-Indian community is under-represented

Q4. What are the mandatory requirements to vote in India?

  1. Must be an Indian citizen
  2. Must be18 or older
  3. Must have a valid criminal record
  4. Must be an ordinary resident of the polling area of the constituency
  5. Must possess a valid voter identification card issued by the Election Commission of India

Choose the correct options

  1. (i), (ii) (iii)
  2. (ii) (i) (v) (iv)
  3. (ii) (iii) (i) (iv) (v)
  4. (ii) (iii) (iv) (v)

Q5. What is the apt meaning of “speculations” as per the passage?

  1. Conjectures
  2. Assumptions
  3. Either (a) or (b)
  4. Both (a) and (b)

Answers

 1 – c

2 – b

3 – d

4 – b

5 – d

Difficult RCs Passages
 
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Passage 2

Holi celebrations start on the night before Holi with a Holika Dahan where people gather, perform religious rituals in front of the bonfire, and pray that their internal evil be destroyed the way Holika, the sister of the demon king Hiranyakashipu, was killed in the fire. The next morning is celebrated as Rangwali Holi – a free-for-all festival of colours, where people smear each other with colours and drench each other. Water guns and water-filled balloons are also used to play and colour each other. Anyone and everyone is fair game, friend or stranger, rich or poor, man or woman, children and elders. The frolic and fight with colours occurs in the open streets, open parks, outside temples and buildings. Groups carry drums and other musical instruments, go from place to place, sing and dance. People visit family, friends and foes to throw coloured powders on each other, laugh and gossip, then share Holi delicacies, food and drinks. Some customary drinks include bhang (made from cannabis), which is intoxicating. In the evening, after sobering up, people dress up and visit friends and family.

Read the passage and choose the most appropriate option

Q1. Why is Holika Dahan performed?

  1. Because it is quite cold and everyone loves bonfire
  2. Because it symbolizes the end of destruction of the evil of our foes
  3. Because it symbolizes the end of destruction of our internal evil
  4. Because Holika was king Hiranyakashipu’s sister

Q2. Which word in the passage means “traditional”?

  1. Customary
  2. Frolic
  3. Celebrations
  4. None of the above

Q3. Choose the statement(s) that summarize the entire passage

  1. There are two types of Holi – Holika Dahan & Rangwali Holi
  2. People do not celebrate it with their foes
  3. Food and Drinks are the heart of Holi celebrations
  4. Holi symbolizes the destruction of our inner evil and demons
  1. (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
  2. (i), (ii), (iv)
  3. (i), (iii), (iv)
  4. (i), (ii), (iii)

Q4. Which word or phrase means “not intoxicated” in the passage?

  1. Free-for-all
  2. Cannabis
  3. Destroyed
  4. Sobering up

Q5. Describe the type of adjective of the highlighted word -

“People visit family, friends and foes to throw colored powders on each other, laugh and gossip, then share Holi delicacies, food and drinks.

  1. adjective of quality
  2. adjective of quantity
  3. numeral adjective
  4. demonstrative adjective

Answers

1 – c

2 – a

3 – c

4 – d

5 – a

 

Passage 3

The Climate of India comprises a wide range of weather conditions across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making generalisations difficult. Based on the Köppen system, India hosts six major climatic subtypes, ranging from arid desert in the west, alpine tundra and glaciers in the north, and humid tropical regions supporting rainforests in the southwest and the island territories. Many regions have starkly different microclimates. The country's meteorological department follows the international standard of four climatological seasons with some local adjustments: winter (December, January and February), summer (March, April and May), a monsoon rainy season (June to September), and a post-monsoon period (October to November).

India's geography and geology are climatically pivotal: the Thar Desert in the northwest and the Himalayas in the north work in tandem to affect a culturally and economically important monsoonal regime. As Earth's highest and most massive mountain range, the Himalayas bar the influx of frigid katabatic winds from the icy Tibetan Plateau and northerly Central Asia. Most of North India is thus kept warm or is only mildly chilly or cold during winter; the same thermal dam keeps most regions in India hot in summer.

Read the passage and choose the most appropriate option

Q1. Based on the passage what are the types of climates in India

a)    Tundra, Tropical, Humid and Arid
b)    Winter, Tropical, Humid and Monsoon
c)    Winter, Summer, Tundra and Monsoon
d)    Summer, Winter, Monsoon and Post-Monsoon 

Q2. The Indian monsoon is controlled by

(a)    Thar desert in the northwest
(b)    Himalayas in the north
(c)    Either (a) or (b)
(d)    (a) and (b) work in tandem 

Q3. According to the passage, making generalizations with respect to the Indian climate is difficult because:

i.    The weather conditions are different based on geography and topography
ii.    The weather conditions are consistent across geographic scale and varied topography
iii.    The country’s meteorological department is indecisive

Choose the correct options 

a)    Only (ii)
b)    (ii) and (iii)
c)    Only (i)
d)    (i) and (iii)

Q4. Which word in the passage means the opposite of the word “retreat”

a)    Regime
b)    Influx
c)    Evacuation
d)    Arid

Q5. What is the role of the Himalayas as described in the given passage?

(i)    It is the highest mountain range and adds to India’s beautification
(ii)    Stop the icy cold winds from the Tibetan plateau and Central Asia
(iii)    Keep the temperature controlled in the northern part of India
(iv)    Help regulate the monsoon in India

Choose the correct options

a)    Only (i) and (ii)
b)    Only (i), (ii) and (iii)
c)    Only (ii), (iii) and (iv)
d)    None of the above 

Answers
1 – d
2 – d
3 – c
4 – b
5 – c

 

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