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Logical Reasoning for CAT, Topics, Examples - Logical Games

Calender Icon CAT Registration Ends: 13th September 2023

logical reasoning questions with solutions

DILR is one of the sections in CAT Exam which is being conducted in November 2021. In this section, a mixed bag of questions (DI +LR  ) have to be answered. Time is opportune to be ready with LR to be successful in CAT 2021.

Read following   Logical Reasoning - Logical Games:

Direction to Solve

Read the below passage carefully and answer the questions:

The government of an island nation is the process of deciding how to spend its limited income. It

Has $7 million left in its budget and eight programs to choose among. There is no provision in the constitution to have a surplus, and each program has requested the minimum amount they need; in other words, no program may be partially funded. The programs and their funding request are:

  • Hurricane preparedness: $2.5 million
  • Harbor improvements: $1 million
  • School music program: $0.5 million
  • Senate office building remodeling: $1.5 million
  • Agricultural subsidy program: $2 million
  • National radio: $0.5 million
  • Small business loan program: $3 million
  • International airport: $4 million

Question 1)

Senators from urban areas are very concerned about assuring that there will be funding for a new international airport. Senators from rural areas refuse to fund anything until money for agricultural subsidies is appropriated. If the legislature funds these two programs, on which of the following could they spend the rest of the money?

A) The school music program and national radio

B) Hurricane preparedness

C) Harbour improvements and the school music program

D) Small business loan program

E) National radio and Senate office building remodeling

Answer: Option A


 The total cost of the school music program and national radio is $1 million, the amount left after the international airport and agricultural subsidies are funded.

International airport + agricultural subsidy program $4 million + $2 million = $6 million

School music program and national radio is $1 million. Hence, total $7 million.

Question 2)

If the legislature decides to fund the agricultural subsidy program, national radio, and the small business loan program could they fund??

A) harbor improvements and international airport

B) harbor improvements and school music program

C) hurricane preparedness and school music program

D) hurricane preparedness and international airport

E) harbor improvements and hurricane preparedness

Answer: Option B


The only two program that totals 1.5 million dollars is the harbor improvements and school music program.

Question 3)

If the legislature decides to fund the agricultural subsidy program, national radio, and the small business loan program, the only other single program that can be funded is

A) hurricane preparedness.

B) Harbor improvements.

C) School music program.

D) Senate office building remodeling

E) International airport

Answer: Option D


The total of the three programs (2 million + 0.5 million + 3 million) is 5.5 million. That leaves 1.5 million (7 million – 5.5 million), and the only single program needing that amount is the Senate office building remodeling.

Helpful links for your preparation

Complete Module on Logical Reasoning

Attempt CAT Mock Test

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